‘Walking & cycling: the economic benefits’ (2018) Transport for London
Brings together the latest evidence, research and findings on the economic benefits of walking and cycling, showcasing studies developed by TFL and other organisations.
‘The Pedestrian Pound‘ (2018) Living Streets
The business case for better streets and places. Key findings:
- Research shows that making places better for walking can boost footfall and trading by up to 40%
- Good urban design can raise retail rents by up to 20%
- International and UK studies have shown that pedestrians spend more than people arriving by car. Comparisons of spending by transport mode in Canada and New Zealand revealed that pedestrians spent up to six-times more than people arriving by car. In London town centres in 2011, walkers spent £147 more per month than those travelling by car
- Retailers often overate the importance of the car – a study Graz, Austria, subsequently repeated in Bristol found that retailers overestimated the number of customers arriving by car by almost 100%
- Landowners and retailers are willing to pay to improve the streetscape in order to attract tenants and customers.
‘Healthy streets. A business view.’ (2017) University of Westminster
The Healthy Streets: A Business View report, developed by the University of Westminster, surveys London’s Business Improvement Districts (BIDs) to understand the importance of the Healthy Streets Approach to business performance.
The research found that 85% of BIDs see cycling as important to business performance, and 95% of BIDs see walking as important to business performance.
‘The economic benefits of sustainable streets‘ (2013 ) New York Department of Transport
‘Economic value of cycling’ (2013) International Transport Forum
‘Street Appeal. The value of street improvements‘. (2018) University College London
The Street Appeal report, developed by UCL on behalf of Transport for London, studies the impact of improvements to the street environment in London town centres and high streets.
The research found that street improvements return substantial benefits to the users of the streets, including local businesses and people visiting the area. For example, the study found a 17% decline in retail vacancy rates between improved and unimproved streets.
‘Individual and social costs of car travel more than six times those of cycling‘ (2015) Science for Environment Policy
‘The value of cycle tourism‘ (2013) Transform Scotland
‘Cost to society of bike vs car’ Copenhagenize
An annotated chart filled review of twelve studies from around the world countering the objection to loss of on street parking spaces by local merchants.
Place Value Wiki brings together in a ‘raw’ form the range of rigorous research evidence that links the ‘quality’ and design of ‘place’ with the value added in health, social, economic and environmental terms.