‘UK Chief Medical Officers Physical Activity Guidelines‘ (2019) Department of Health and Social Care / Scottish Government
“It is recommended that people are active every day. Spreading activity across the day or week can help make the guidelines achievable within daily living; for example, walking, wheeling or cycling for daily travel is often the easiest way to get physically active.”
‘Essential Evidence 4 Scotland No 2 – Cycling campaigns promoting health versus campaigns promoting safety’ (2018) Transport Research Institute
Messages to non-cyclists might be more likely to influence perceptions of cycling, and positively, if they emphasise health benefits rather than safety precautions.
‘Essential Evidence 4 Scotland No 1 – Active travel inequalities in Scotland‘ (2018) Transport Research Institute
Most health inequalities are largely unfavourable to the most deprived groups in the population, but in the case of active travel in Scotland they run in the opposite direction. Those living in the most deprived areas are the most likely to report active travel.
‘Bike Life. Transforming Cities: The potential of everyday cycling. Report.’ (2019) Sustrans
More cycling could prevent 34,000 life-threatening illnesses in seven major UK cities by 2040.
‘Cycling and Walking for Individual and Population Health Benefits‘ (2018) Public Health England
‘Investments that work for physical activity‘ (2011) Global Advocacy for Physical Activity
‘Children’s Independent Mobility‘ (2015) Policy Studies Institute
‘Exercise: The miracle cure and the role of the doctor in prescribing it‘ (2015) Academy of Medical Royal Colleges
‘Local action to mitigate the health impact of cars‘ Faculty of Public Health
‘Transport and Health‘ Faculty of Public Health
‘How can transport contribute to public health‘ (2007) Glasgow Centre for Population Health
‘Systematic review and meta-analysis of reduction in all-cause mortality from walking and cycling and shape of dose response relationship‘ (2014) International Journal of Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity
‘Costing the burden of ill health related to physical inactivity for Scotland‘ (2012) NHS Health Scotland
‘Community severance and health – what do we know?‘ Journal of Urban Health
‘What’s likely to give you a head injury’ Copenhagenize
- The mean total duration of absenteeism over the study year was more than 1 day shorter in cyclists than in non-cyclists.
- Compared to people who cycle a short distance (≤ 5 km) three times a week, people who cycle more often and longer distances are absent for fewer days on average.