‘My Life Is More Valuable Than This’: Understanding Risk among On-Demand Food Couriers in Edinburgh‘ (December 2020) Karen Gregory SAGE Journals

Drawing from the social study of the gig economy and platform labour and from the sociology of risk, this article explores how on-demand food couriers in Edinburgh, Scotland, construct and represent work-related risks.

Association of injury related hospital admissions with commuting by bicycle in the UK: prospective population based study‘ (2020) British Medical Journal

Compared with non-active commuting to work, commuting by cycling was associated with a higher risk of hospital admission for a first injury and higher risk of transport related incidents specifically. These risks should be viewed in context of the health benefits of active commuting and underscore the need for a safer infrastructure for cycling in the UK.

UK Chief Medical Officers Physical Activity Guidelines‘ (2019) Department of Health and Social Care / Scottish Government

“It is recommended that people are active every day. Spreading activity across the day or week can help make the guidelines achievable within daily living; for example, walking, wheeling or cycling for daily travel is often the easiest way to get physically active.”

Bike Life. Transforming Cities: The potential of everyday cycling. Report.’ (2019) Sustrans

More cycling could prevent 34,000 life-threatening illnesses in seven major UK cities by 2040.

‘Neighbourhood walkability and incidence of hypertension’ (2018) International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health

This study of around 430,000 people aged between 38 and 73 and living in 22 UK cities found significant associations between the increased walkability of a neighbourhood, lower blood pressure and reduced hypertension risk among its residents.

‘Essential Evidence 4 Scotland No 2 – Cycling campaigns promoting health versus campaigns promoting safety’ (2018) Transport Research Institute

Messages to non-cyclists might be more likely to influence perceptions of cycling, and positively, if they emphasise health benefits rather than safety precautions.

‘Essential Evidence 4 Scotland No 1 – Active travel inequalities in Scotland‘ (2018) Transport Research Institute

Most health inequalities are largely unfavourable to the most deprived groups in the population, but in the case of active travel in Scotland they run in the opposite direction. Those living in the most deprived areas are the most likely to report active travel.

Transforming Cities: The potential of everyday cycling. Methodology and Results‘ (2019) Sustrans

Exposure to the traffic-related air pollutants particle number and NO2 when commuting by modes: Walk, Cycle, Car and Bus‘ (2018) University of Leeds

Cycling and Walking for Individual and Population Health Benefits‘ (2018) Public Health England

The association between commuter cycling and sickness absence‘ (2010)

Investments that work for physical activity‘ (2011) Global Advocacy for Physical Activity

Children’s Independent Mobility‘ (2015) Policy Studies Institute

Exercise: The miracle cure and the role of the doctor in prescribing it‘ (2015) Academy of Medical Royal Colleges

Local action to mitigate the health impact of cars‘ Faculty of Public Health

Transport and Health‘ Faculty of Public Health

How can transport contribute to public health‘ (2007) Glasgow Centre for Population Health

Systematic review and meta-analysis of reduction in all-cause mortality from walking and cycling and shape of dose response relationship‘ (2014) International Journal of Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity

Costing the burden of ill health related to physical inactivity for Scotland‘ (2012) NHS Health Scotland

Community severance and health – what do we know?‘ Journal of Urban Health

‘What’s likely to give you a head injury’ Copenhagenize

The association between commuter cycling and sickness absence‘ (2010)

Findings included:

  • The mean total duration of absenteeism over the study year was more than 1 day shorter in cyclists than in non-cyclists.
  • Compared to people who cycle a short distance (≤ 5 km) three times a week, people who cycle more often and longer distances are absent for fewer days on average.

‘Health Economic Assessment Tool for Walking and Cycling’ WHO

‘The health benefits of cycling and walking in Scotland: Facts and figures’ Sustrans

‘Domains of physical activity and all cause mortality’ Oxford Academic

Back to Evidence